For many years, people who visit South America are attracted by the lost citadel of the Incas Machu Picchu, a citadel built on stone with more than 570 years old high in the mountains of the Andes of Peru, all people who visit Machu Picchu always wonder what the word Machu Picchu means and if it is its real name or had another in the time of the Incas since its discovery in 1911 until today was always called Machu Picchu.
what does machu picchu mean in quechua
The word Machu Picchu comes from Quechua and is composed of 2 words Machu = old man and Picchu = mountain, however, recent studies indicate that this is not the real name by which Machu Picchu was known in Incan times.
What is the real name of Machu Picchu
According to the Spanish historian Maricarmen Martin Rubio based on a text published in chapter 32 of the Suma y Narración de los Incas chronicle by Juan de Betanzos, Machu Picchu would have been called Patallacta in ancient times.
What does Patallaqta mean?
The word patallaqta comes from the Quechua word that means pata = step and llacta = city that is to say city of step or city of the stairs qualification that go more in agreement with the construction of the Inca citadel due to the great platforms also Martin Rubio points out that the word machu picchu in reality would not mean old mountain since the word mountain in Quechua is said orco and picchu is a derivative of the word peak in Castilian.
Martin Rubio based his research on the discovery of 82 chapters of the sum and narration of the Incas written in 1550 by Juan de Betanzos found in the library Bartolomé March of Palma de Mallorca in these chronicles talks about the Spanish conquest seen from the point of view of the Incas in this document it is said that Pachacutec builder of Machu Picchu would have asked to be buried in their homes in Patallacta located in the jungle eyebrow. Several historians have begun to support this hypothesis.
The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is not only recognized for its beauty but also for the mysteries and enigmas that it holds since its discovery for the western world in 1911 thanks to the work of the American explorer Hiram Bigham until today there are more questions that are formulated around this construction than the certainties that we have about it, issues ranging from its own discovery or its real name to its usefulness as it was built.
Meaning of Machu Picchu for the Incas
For the Inca People:
The meaning of Machu Picchu for the Inca people was to serve as a sacred enclosure, since during its heyday its main function was to be a place of worship for their gods and the Inca. We can find information that serves as evidence of this located in the Royal Commentaries of the Incas of Garcilazo de la Vega, where he describes the citadel as an enclosure to worship the four elements and even other entities such as animals and stars, which were also considered divine.
Inside Machu Picchu we can find temples of worship, the most important are: the temple of the moon, which is located at the top of the mountain Huayna Picchu and the temple of the sun which is located in the lower part of the citadel.