During your visit to Peru you will be able to observe in more than one house ceramic bulls planted on the roof of the houses, more than an ornament for the houses to put these bulls is an Andean tradition that lasts from generation to generation with the purpose of providing prosperity, Happiness and protection to homes is a totem which provides protection, happiness or prosperity according to the color of the bull is placed next to a cross since it is a Spanish – Andean custom you can find them in all parts of Peru however you will see them more Recurrently in southern Peru in the provinces of Cusco, Puno, Ayacucho and Apurímac since the tradition comes from Pucará, a province belonging to the city of Puno located at 3910 meters above sea level.
Torito de Pucara color meaning
How did the tradition start?
As a large part of the high Andean traditions that last to this day are Andean and Spanish fusions that began with the arrival of the Spaniards to Peru, strictly in this case to Puno, upon their arrival the Spaniards brought many animals with them, including “El Toro” Spanish which included him in an existing party “El pago a la tierra” where the bull was painted, adorned and saddled, and then put spicy on his nose in order to make them more brave, due to the picura the bull tried to lick himself his nose due to the great irritation that it caused him in addition to having the curled tail characteristic of fighting bulls.
At that time there were several artisans in charge of making ceramics for the main Spanish authorities, one of the main communities that were famous for their artisans were the inhabitants of the community of Chepa Pupuja who were commissioned to reproduce this bull in clay. These bulls were commissioned during all the time that the colony lasted and they were presented in religious festivities for which the peasants adopted this symbol as protection, happiness and fertility with the passing of time the chepa pupuja continued to perform the bulls for many towns and then why are they called Toritos de Pucara ?, the Chepa Pupuja belonged to the town of Checa which was a small town with a counted number of inhabitants so the artisans had to take their work to a place where trade was carried out with a good influx of people and that place was the railway station and this station was in Pucara for which the g The entity that bought the bulls gave it the name of Toritos de Pucara, which was the place where they bought.
How to put the Toritos in the House?
The bulls are placed on the roof of the houses, generally 2 are placed, which represent the Andean duality, female and male, male and female, father and mother; since the couple who will live in that house will be prosperous, will be healthy and will always be protected.
In the middle a cross is placed on the spiritual side with a staircase that means that throughout their lives the couple has to climb one more step each day, in other words, progress will strengthen the bond between them.
There is also the rooster that tells us that we must wake up early day by day and work hard for our dreams as a couple, however not everything in this life is effort and work, that is why there is the jug of chicha that means the enjoyment of the couple. It represents the joys, parties and friendships that you will experience together.